Watches come in all sizes and shapes. Maybe most importantly is that they come in all price categories. And it is probably no secret that a $20 quartz watch can keep time better than a $60000 Rolex, and many other luxury watches for that matter. So if cheap watches can, in many cases keep time more accurately than luxury watches, aren’t they ”better”? But the most interesting question is if this is the case, why are watches so expensive?
Now, there are watches within all price points, but what exactly is it that makes luxury watches so expensive? This is a question that is constantly being asked, because in particular those who do not know watches very well cannot understand and justify how a tiny object such as a watch can be so expensive, but answering this question is not just a straightforward answer, so in this article, we’ll share all the main reasons why watches are so expensive.
Expensive, costly, over-priced?
It’s crucial that you understand the difference between these two when looking at luxury watches. Many people describe things that cost a lot as ”expensive”, but expensive is a word that is used to describe things that simply cost too much and cannot justify their price. And yes, if you do not know the reasons why watches are so expensive, naturally you’ll think they are expensive, or over-priced, in a negative sense.
Therefore, if you fail to see the value in a watch or any object for that matter, you’ll naturally see it as overpriced, even though someone else who sees the true value in an object may even see it as cheap. Over-priced watches tend to be the watches that have a price tag, which cannot be justified by the things that we’ll lust in this article.
This is why, in this article, we’ll share some of the top reasons for the high price tags of luxury watches, so you can get a better understanding of what it actually is that makes them so expensive. Do note that in this article, we’ll be focusing on mechanical watches, since this is what the majority of the luxury watches are.
It’s no revolutionary thought that luxury items are expensive. This is what you would expect from a luxury product, but why is it that luxury products are expensive? Now, the interesting part about the difference between expensive, cheap and over-priced has a lot to do with perception. And as someone who is into watches, it’s something that you constantly come across, with people who wonder how you can possibly buy a watch for thousands of dollars, and at the same time, they themselves spend thousands of dollars on expensive wine and can justify that.
The answer is that it is all about how a person perceives value. What one person sees as something that brings a ton of value, will naturally be something that the person sees as ”cheap”, and what another person may consider cheap, may be what someone else considers insanely expensive.
So at its core, perception about price has a lot to do with the question ”do you see the value in the watch and does the value that the watch offer reflects the price that it costs?”
So if you fail to see the value in things, you’ll consider the item expensive, if you do see the value, you’ll consider it cheap, or at least ”worth it”.
Remember that there’s a huge difference between the questions ”why are watches so expensive?” and if they are overpriced.
It’s important not to understand that despite watches being small, they’re advanced things, and these are not invented in a day.
Luxury watch brands have their own research and development departments which work with developing new models, new materials, etc.
Developing a new movement, in particular, is a tricky task, and making a movement made up of hundreds of parts to stay accurate, keeps beating, and is everything else that it needs to be is quite a challenge. Especially since watch movements are so tiny.
Brands often say how long it has taken to develop a new movement, and in most cases, we’re talking years of development and research. This is particularly interesting since the watch companies really don’t need to develop new movements. They could simply satisfy with the existing innovations or even off-the-shelf movements, but because they constantly want to innovate and make new movements that are better and which meets their needs, but also to be able to show that they never compromise and that they always try to push boundaries. In doing this, they invest millions of dollars, maybe even hundreds of millions of dollars, only in the development of new movements and other elements for their watches.
And developing watch movements is certainly no easy task. In doing this, you need highly skilled people, which includes watchmakers and other engineers who know their craft. Not a lot of people have the skill and expertise in order to do this. And the more complications and the greater of an innovation that a watch company is looking to do, the longer it’s going to take. Take Patek Philippe’s Grandmaster Chime Ref. 5175R. This watch costs $2.6 million, and while that is a hefty price tag, looking at what went into it justifies it a bit more.
Developing the Grandmaster Chime took 8 years to develop, and the movement of the watch features a staggering 20 complications in 1,366 parts, of which two of the complications are the first of their kind (world’s first). Developing the case of the watch took 4 years alone to develop, and this has a staggering 214 components.
With that said, having skilled engineers and craftsmen and women work on a watch for more than eight years and paying their salaries and everything that they need, such as material, offices, electricity, and everything in between is a great investment for any company.
Everything about a watch takes time to develop for real luxury timepieces. Sure, once they have been developed, assembling and making them may only take one or a few hours for many luxury watches, such as a Rolex, but on the flip side, developing a new caliber for a new, watch, that meets the specific needs of that particular watch, for example the Rolex Explorer II, can take years.
Furthermore, while the mechanical movement is always the thing that is the most complicated and advanced part, the watch itself is also something that has been carefully developed, and probably taken more than year to design and develop, with small details such as typing on the dial, color, design, materials, and more being carefully considered.
In fact, months can be spent on things like the color of the dial, simply because of the fact that the opportunities are endless, and choosing a color is, believe it or not, a huge decision that can have a huge impact on the success of a timepiece. So, therefore, when you’re looking at a luxury watch, you’re probably looking at a watch which has been in development for at least three years, and which a large number of people have worked on to make into a reality.
So when you’re buying a watch, you buy an object which countless working hours have gone into in making it a reality, and which has demanded tons of research, development, and innovation.
Furthermore, you’re also buying into the history and the heritage of the brand, making yourself a part of it.
2.Hours of development
This ties into what we mentioned above, but it is important to have in mind that, when saying that developing a watch took several years, it’s not just about the fact that developing it took a long time, but it is also the fact that doing so meant expenses for millions of dollars for a company.
First off, the company needs skilled people, in particular when working with things like developing a caliber, and since there aren’t a lot of people who have the expertise needed, naturally, they have a higher salary. Furthermore, it’s rare that only one person works on something.
The team who are going to develop a movement may consist of 10, 30, 50, or even more people, who all work on a single thing at the same time, and as a company, this means that before you have a finished innovated product, whether it be a complete watch or just a movement, you’re essentially taking a great shot, and if everything fails, the company will have paid millions of dollars, and gotten nothing from it.
And with high risk comes high reward, so one reason why watches are so expensive is that it’s an expensive investment for companies, which they, in fact, don’t know if they’ll get back. It may even be the case that they develop a watch which no-one wants.
3. Good movements are expensive
Now, taking away the developing cost of a movement, good and advanced movements are actually quite costly.
And it’s important to have in mind that there is a huge difference between the battery-powered movements of cheap watches, and the cost of a good mechanical movement, whether you buy movements off-the-shelf or produce them in-house.
Most luxury watch brands make their movements in-house because doing so adds another layer of appeal to a watch. Many people compare watches that have externally produced movements as luxury cars with externally made motors. For example, it maybe doesn’t feel very good to hear that your Mercedes has an Opel engine, right?
Making movements in-house as a brand is appreciated by customers and watch enthusiasts because it shows that the brand goes above and beyond and that they take the art of watchmaking seriously.
And if you make your movements in-house, the cost of the movements become quite high, because you need to have skilled watchmakers, you need to have good workplaces, and so on and so on…. And buying a good mechanical movement externally may be cheaper than making your own, however, these movements have still been made by a skilled watchmaker, and this means that they won’t come cheap. In fact, buying a basic ETA movement will still cost a few hundred dollars. It’s hard to compare that with a cheap quartz movement from Japan, which many cheaper watches use, which costs only tens of dollars.
Now, these are just for basic movements, but if you are to look at complications such as a tourbillion, it’s a completely different story, and making a movement like that, with several complications can very well cost several thousand, or even tens of thousands of dollars – just for the movement.
Also, some watches that are particularly advanced, such as Patek Philippe’s watch, or other advanced watches, are often made in highly limited numbers. This is partly because having a large stock of these expensive movements (and watches) just sitting around due to overproduction is a dangerous situation to be in.
This brings us to the next point.
Luxury items are known to often only be made in limited numbers, and the thing is that, as already mentioned, making an advanced mechanical movement is actually difficult. One of the reason is that you need skilled craftsmen who can make and assemble them, and say you would need fifty watchmakers more in order to manage the increased demand, getting these in time is actually not an easy task. Unlike with other things, you cannot just ramp up the production when the demand increases, because there’s simply not enough resources. And the fact is that a huge demand and a low supply is actually something that isn’t completely unattractive for a luxury brand because when you have a greater demand for something that you have supply, the brand will grow in people’s eyes, and become more sought-after.
And as you know, there’s a clear correlation between low production and high prices when it comes to the luxury industry. You can either choose to mass produce your items and have lower prices, or, you can keep your production at relatively low and stable levels, and then increase your prices because doing so ensures that the brand’s reputation is strong and well-regarded.
Overall, luxury watches are limited in production. Rolex, for example, keeps it production number at around one million, and this is very interesting, because Rolex does not release any ”limited edition watches”, but more so makes its watches, and then discontinues certain models when they come up with updated models or when the watch doesn’t fit in Rolex’s lineup of watches.
On the flip side, many luxury watchmakers make limited edition models, for example, 500 pieces, or 3000 pieces, and naturally, just like with most things that are limited edition. Naturally, limited edition watches tend to cost more than regular watches, because developing a watch costs a lot of money, and if there are only X number of pieces made, the cost of development has to be divided between fewer pieces, compared to if there wouldn’t be a limited number of produced pieces.
And many watches are expensive (and limited) for these exact reasons. Because of it being expensive to have a stock that you cannot get rid of (in particular with expensive watches), that it increases the demand and exclusivity of the watch (people have fear of missing out), and lastly, the fact that the production and development cost has to be divided across fewer timepieces.
And even if a limited edition is built upon an existing model, with subtle changes made, these changes may still be expensive to make, since many people work on coming up with a limited edition concept, and getting parts, whether it be buying externally, or changing the whole production chain can be a complex process, especially for a large company.
Also, this does not just go for limited edition timepieces, but many other watches as well. We humans always want what we cannot have, and if luxury watch brands have a limited production, it will mean that getting a hold of certain timepieces will be increasingly difficult, in some cases Impossible, and at the same time, since people will become more ”desperate to acquire one”, the brands will naturally be able to increase their prices without the demand for the watches decreasing. This sounds like a very clever business strategy, right?
Decrease production, increase prices and still have an increased demand. Also, when getting ahold of an item gets harder when the customer finally gets the product, they tend to value it more, and this is a big deal for luxury watch brands because it contributes to making the products more sought after. And as a luxury brand, having products that are sought-after is obviously the number one goal. This is similar to Hèrmes Birkin Bags, Kelly Bags, and so on… They may not be limited edition, but they are extremely limited in production, thus making them extremely difficult to get a hold of, and which as a result makes the prices skyrocket in the secondhand market, thus increasing the demand at the official retailer even more.
The brands don’t want to have a bunch of watches that no-one buys, and at the same time, having an underproduction of watches has proven to have a very positive effect for luxury watch brands.
As such, limited production and exclusivity are two reasons why watches are so expensive.
5.Complexity which only a few people can manage
Making watches, and in particular movements, is a complex process which demands great skill, however, some movements are beyond most watchmakers’ skill levels – take for example the complicated Grand Chime by Patek Philippe, with more than a thousand parts.
When it comes to these extremely complicated watches, there are only a few people in the world who have the extreme skill needed to make these movements, and as a result, the production cost gets very high, and this is ultimately something that the end consumer has to pay the price of.
Becoming a watchmaker at a famous brand is a long process, and as a result, watchmakers tend to have quite a good wage, and in particular the most experienced and skilled watchmakers.
When talking about luxury watch brands and the reason watches are so expensive, we obviously cannot neglect the brands. Humans want to have brands that stand for something, and which people know about. But maybe most importantly is the fact that, while some people buy watches solely for the sake of the brand and for the prestige that comes with everyone knowing what watch they wear, other people buy a particular brand because they know the history of the brand, what they stand for, and the attention to detail that they put into their products.
As such, there are two reasons why watches are so expensive when it comes to particular brands. First, we have the fact that everyone knows about the brand, and thus buying a product that is known as luxurious and sought-after, and which few people have, makes people also willing to pay more just to buy into the acclaim that comes with other people knowing what’s on their wrist. Humans are social creatures that want to acquire respect from peers, and in some social circles, a luxury watch will give them that.
The second reason why brand matter is that they stand for different things, and this can also drive up prices. For example, when many people hear Rolex, they think about the best luxury watch brand in the world, and while this is not the case, the clever marketing of Rolex has made them think this way, which also results in them being able to charge premium prices.
Additionally, we cannot neglect the fact that many people want objects that increase their status, power, respect, and other social elements among other people. This is of course not true for all people who wear a luxury watch, instead, this more tends to be the truth for people who solely buy watches based on brand, and nothing else.
When talking about people who are truly passionate about watches – watch enthusiasts. The brand means something different for these individuals, and therefore, they will be prepared to pay more for them. For example, when thinking about Patek Philippe, those who know the brand think about a brand which never compromises on anything, and pays an extreme attention to detail, which means that the customer can be sure that they’re getting an amazing, high-quality product which is a true piece of craftsmanship.
7. Luxury brands work hard to become more luxurious and exclusive
This is an important factor we cannot neglect. This doesn’t just go for luxury watch brands, but the whole luxury industry.
The way you operate a luxury brand is quite different from the way you operate a regular business.
I’ve already touched on some points earlier, with the fact that you are not focusing on selling as much as possible and producing as much as possible, but instead, you also focus on building your brand and making it more exclusive, because if you’re a luxury brand but have no real reputation, you’re just a brand with high prices.
This is why, high prices, but also the way a luxury watch brand is operated are two important aspects, that lead to an increased demand, but also higher prices.
For many people, a luxury watch is a symbol of true success, and therefore, it’s many people’s goal of one day owning a nice luxury watch.
The two most important and defining traits of luxury watch brands are exclusivity and a reputation of quality. People buy luxury products because of the brands, but they are prepared to pay more because of the idea that they get great value for money – both quality, but also prestige.
8. They’re expensive to make
We’ve already touched upon this briefly already, but let’s sort out the truth about production costs of luxury watches.
Now, the truth is that when talking about cheap watches, in particular, fashion watches, you’ll be surprised that these have a margin that is many times greater than that of luxury watch brands. Sure, luxury watches may cost more, but percentage wise, fashion watches wins the race many times over.
For example, a Tommy Hilfiger watch sells for about $160 dollars. But if you are to look at the sole production cost of the watch, which many people like to do with luxury watches, the production cost of such a watch is in fact only a few dollars. 10 dollars at max. That’s an insane markup.
Luxury watch brands don’t come anywhere near that same markup. Also, it’s crucial to understand that for luxury watches, it’s not just about the material cost. There are so much more costs to making a luxury watch that you may not think about. First off, there’s the designing, which demands a large team of designers to come up with a design that people will like. Then we have the development of new materials and parts needed for the watch, take for example Rolex’s unique Cerachrom bezel, then we have the many years of developing the movement, then we have the actual production of the movement by a skilled watchmaker, and so on, and so on…
Making a luxury watch is far from cheap – even if it’s not limited edition. Furthermore, we cannot forget all the other additional costs of distribution and selling. First, the brand wants to make a cut from the production cost, then, the product has to be distributed across the whole world to retailers, and this means shipping costs, but most substantially, customs and taxes that further drive up the prices for the end consumer. Then, we have the retailer which has to have its employees, a store, and obviously needs a margin. In fact, it is the retailer which has the highest margin on luxury watches. Often roughly 50%.
So with all of these costs and things that need to be financed, from the manufacturer all the way to the end of the chain where the customer buys the watch, the price tends to increase a lot during the journey, and for consistency reasons, most luxury watch brands have more or less the same prices no matter where in the world you are, so if you think that buying a watch in Switzerland is cheaper because the watch doesn’t have to go pay any customs or be transported long distances etc, that is not the case, because it will cost essentially the same. The only difference is that the manufacturer (watch brand) will earn a greater margin.
Okay, so it’s no secret that even though luxury watches are expensive to make, they have quite a good markup. But obviously, a markup is needed for the survival of a brand. Because the thing is, all the money made doesn’t just go into the pockets and disappear, but a lot is actually reinvested back into the business, because, as mentioned earlier, developing new products is expensive for a watch brand, but at the same time, it’s a crucial part of a watch business in order to continuously release new, innovative and revolutionary products on the market.
And because there are so many steps and ”middlemen” getting the watch from the manufacturer to the customer, naturally, the price will increase quite substantially.
Now, have in mind that there is a huge difference between gross margin and net profit from a dealer’s/retailer’s perspective, since they have to pay rents, commission to the person selling, interior, heating, and so on.. But this is a completely different story.
When it comes down to it, the question “Expensive or cheap” will always be highly subjective. What some people consider well-worth the money is something that people would never dream about doing.
The same goes for watches. Of course, there are some things that are clearly overpriced, but again, what affects whether or not something is “worth it” is your perceived value of that watch.
First, you can begin by looking at the more objective things, such as quality, reliability, craftsmanship, etc. Secondly, it’s a good idea to look at the secondhand market to get an idea of the general perceived value by the market of that specific product. The resale market can tell you a lot about how much people are actually willing to pay for it, and thus, in the crowd’s eyes, the value of that product.
There are an endless number of things that affect a watch’s price, with everything from the brand, material, reputation, and so on. The real question is, can you justify the cost of a specific watch based on what you are getting? If yes, then you should probably get the watch. If not, you should probably start looking at other watches.